The Center

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DIRECTOR

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  • David +41 22 379 09 03

    David +41 22 379 09 03

    Note

    David Sander studied mathematics and psychology at the University René Descartes (Paris, France), and received a PhD in Cognitive Sciences from the University Louis Lumière (Lyon, France).

    In 2002, he joined the Department of Psychology at the University of Geneva (Switzerland). He is now full professor in this Department where he directs the Laboratory for the study of Emotion Elicitation and Expression (E3Lab: http://www.unige.ch/fapse/EmotionLab).

    In 2012, he has been appointed Director of the Centre Interfacultaire en Sciences Affectives, and of the National Center of Competence in Research (NCCR) in Affective Sciences ({CCM:BASE_URL}). He is mainly interested in the mechanisms involved in emotion elicitation, and how these mechanisms modulate attention, memory, and decision-making.

    For his research, he was awarded the National Latsis Prize.

    Current Research

    Research in my Laboratory investigates the cognitive mechanisms involved in the appraisal of relevant stimuli, and how these processes elicit emotions, and modulate attention, memory, and decision-making.

    Currently, five major research programs are developed. These research programs aim at empirically investigating:
    • The nature and function of relevance detection in emotion elicitation
    • Appraisal-driven facial expression of emotion
    • Mechanisms underlying emotional attention
    • Mechanisms underlying emotional memory
    • Emotional processing of olfactory stimuli
    • Bidirectional links between emotions and food intake

     

    Selected publications:

    • Brosch, T., Sander, D., Pourtois, G., & Scherer, K. R. (2008). Beyond fear: Rapid spatial orienting towards emotional positive stimuli. Psychological Science, 19(4), 362-370.
    • Coppin, G., Delplanque, S., Cayeux, I., Porcherot, C., and Sander, D. (2010). I’m no longer torn after choice: How explicit choices implicitly shape preferences of odors. Psychological Science, 21, 489-493.
    • Cristinzio, C., N’Diaye, K., Seeck, M, Vuilleumier, P., & Sander, D. (2010). Integration of gaze direction and facial expression in patients with unilateral amygdala damage. Brain, 133, 248-261.
    • Grandjean, D.*, Sander, D., Pourtois, G., Schwartz, S., Seghier, M., Scherer, K. R., & Vuilleumier, P. (2005). The voices of wrath: Brain responses to angry prosody in meaningless speech. Nature Neuroscience, 8(2), 145-146.
    • Montagrin, A., Brosch, T., & Sander, D. (2013). Goal-conduciveness as a key determinant of memory facilitation. Emotion, 13, 622-628.
    • Mumenthaler, C., & Sander, D. (2012). Social Appraisal Influences Recognition of Emotions. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 102(6), 1118-1135.
    • Mumenthaler, C., & Sander, D. (2015). Automatic integration of social information in emotion recognition. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 144, 392–39
    • Pool, E.R., Brosch, T., Delplanque, S., & Sander, D. (2016). Attentional bias for positive emotional stimuli: A meta-analytic investigation. Psychological Bulletin, 142, 79-106.
    • Pool, E. R., Brosch, T., Delplanque, S., & Sander, D. (2015). Stress increases cue-triggered "Wanting" for sweet reward in humans. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Learning and Cognition, 41(2), 128-136.
    • Pool, E. R., Brosch, T., Delplanque, S., & Sander, D. (2014). Where is the chocolate? Rapid spatial orienting toward stimuli associated with primary rewards. Cognition, 130(3), 348-359. 
    • Sander, D. (2013). Models of emotion: the affective neuroscience approach. In J. L. Armony & P. Vuilleumier (Eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Human Affective Neuroscience (pp. 5-53). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    • Sander, D., Grafman, J., & Zalla, T. (2003). The human amygdala: An evolved system for relevance detection. Reviews in the Neurosciences, 14(4), 303-316.
    • Sander, D., & Scherer, K. R. (Eds.) (2009). The Oxford Companion to emotion and the affective sciences. New York and Oxford : Oxford University Press.

     

    Latest Publications

    • Pool, E.R., Sennwald, V., Delplanque, S., Brosch, T., Sander, D. (2016) Measuring wanting and liking from animals to humans: A systematic review. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews 63, 124-142.
    • Ferdenzi, C., Delplanque, S., Atanassova, R., Sander, D. (2016) Androstadienone’s influence on the perception of facial and vocal attractiveness is not sex specific. Psychoneuroendocrinology 66, 166-175.
    • Pichon, A.M., Coppin, G., Cayeux, I., Porcherot, C., Sander, D., Delplanque, S. (2015) Sensitivity of physiological emotional measures to odors depends on the product and the pleasantness ranges used. Frontiers in Psychology 6, .
    • Sennwald, V., Pool, E.R., Brosch, T., Delplanque, S., Bianchi-Demicheli, F., Sander, D. (2016) Emotional Attention for Erotic Stimuli: Cognitive and Brain Mechanisms. Journal of Comparative Neurology 524, 1668–1675.
    • Pool, E.R., Brosch, T., Delplanque, S., Sander, D. (2016) Attentional Bias for Positive Emotional Stimuli: A Meta-Analytic Investigation. Psychological Bulletin 142(1), 79-106.
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ADMINISTRATOR

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ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANT

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  • Marion 02.131.172 CAMPUS BIOTECH +41 22 379 09 31

    +41 22 379 06 10

    Marion 02.131.172 CAMPUS BIOTECH +41 22 379 09 31

    Marion.Gumy(at)unige.ch
    E-mail

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COMMUNICATION

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  • Carole 02.131.172 CAMPUS BIOTECH +41 22 379 09 29

    +41 22 379 06 10

    Carole 02.131.172 CAMPUS BIOTECH +41 22 379 09 29

    carole.varone(at)unige.ch
    E-mail

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KNOWLEDGE AND TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER

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  • Marcello 02.195.160 CAMPUS BIOTECH +41 22 379 09 44

    Marcello 02.195.160 CAMPUS BIOTECH +41 22 379 09 44

    Note

    I completed a PhD course in Psychology of Communication and Linguistic Processes at the Catholic University of Milan in 2007. My work focused on emotion expression and ANS correlates of emotion episodes. My thesis was entitled "Multicomponential analysis of emotional experience. Study of expressive and physiological components and their implications for affective computing". The goal was to study how facial and vocal expressions are related to modifications in the ANS activity in consequence of the experience of an emotion.

    The same year, I joined the Swiss Center for Affective Sciences as a Post-doctoral researcher with the goal of studying emotion expression from a multimodal point of view.

    In 2012  I became Senior Researcher, responsible of different applied projects and I became the Head of the research focus on Applied Affective Sciences

     

    Current Research

    Research Themes

    Multimodal expression of emotion:

    I am interested in how different expressive modalities are jointly used during an emotional episode and how perception is influenced by unimodal and multimodal information.A particular feature of multimodal emotion expression is the way in which the different expressive modalities recruited during an emotion episode are timely used. With this respect, I am interested in how the degreee of temporal synchronization influences perception of emotional authenticity.

    Nonverbal correlates of emotional appraisals

    Planned studies include the investigation of the links between specific expressive features (vocal, facial, and gestures) and emotion appraisals.

    Emotion Assessment

    We are developing instruments that can be used to assess emotional responses in several application settings. The measures include nonverbal behavior as well as self-report questionnaires.

     

    Applied Projects

     

    "Measuring emotional intelligence in the workplace: Development of a new test(Principal Investigator). FNS Grant

    The aim of this project is to develop and validate a new test to measure emotional intelligence in the context of job related tasks. Emotional intelligence tests that are currently available have been criticized for their methodological approaches and for being generic and based on self-report measures. Conversely, this test will be a performance-based test that will include scenarios taken from real work situations. 

    "Automatic detection of subtle positive emotions from facial expressions"

    This is a collaborative research project between GfK, Fraunhofer IIS and the University of Geneva (UNIGE) aimed at developing a semi-automatic tool for detecting subtle emotions in response to audio-visual stimuli.

     

    CONCLUDED

    "I can cope with that!: The effect of stress on emotion components: appraisal, expression, and physiology." (Principal Investigator) 2012-13

    In this project we investigated the appraisals that are typically involved in the experience of a series of emotions. Furthermore the influence of stress on appraisals and other emotional components was investigated. The hypothesis is that stress can bias individuals’ evaluations by reducing his or her estimation of the sense of control on the situation (i.e., the coping potential).

     

    "Emotional factors in ethical choices". 2010-11

    This project addressed the relationship between different appraisals in the experience of different positive affective states and the role of emotion appraisals in ethical decisions. In particular we investigated how moral emotions are experienced in the context of socially responsible behavior. More generally, the project investigated how emotions can influence decisions about ethical issues.

     

     

    Publications

    Schuller, B., Weninger,, F., Zhang, Y., Ringeval, F., Batliner, A., Steidl, S., Eyben, F., Marchi, E., Vinciarelli, A., Scherer, K., Chetouani, M., & Mortillaro, M. (2019). Affective and Behavioural Computing: Lessons Learnt from the First Computational Paralinguistics Challenge. Computer Speech and Language, 53, 156-180.

    Mortillaro, M., & Dukes, D. (2018). Jumping for joy: the importance of the body and of dynamics in the expression and recognition of positive emotions. Frontiers in Psychology , 9, 763.

    Scherer, K.R., Mortillaro, M., Rotondi, I., Sergi, I., Trznadel, S. (2018). Appraisal-driven facial actions as building blocks for emotion inference. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 114(3), 358-379.

    Soleymani, M., & Mortillaro, M. (2018). Behavioral and Physiological Responses to Visual Interest and Appraisals: Multimodal Analysis and Automatic Recognition. Frontiers in ICT - Human Media Interaction, 5, 17.

    Dukes, D., Clément, F., Audrin, C., & Mortillaro, M. (2017). Looking beyond the static face in emotion recognition: The informative case of interest. Visual Cognition, 25 (4-6), 575-588..

    Scherer, K., Mortillaro, M., & Mehu, M. (2017). Facial expression is driven by appraisal and generates appraisal inference. In J. M. Fernandez-Dols and J. A. Russell (Eds.), The science of Facial Expression (353-373). New York: Oxford University Press

    Mortillaro, M., & Mehu, M. (2015). Emotions: Methods of Assessment. In J. D. Wright (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, 2nd edition, Vol 7 (pp. 519-525). Oxford: Elsevier. 

    Mortillaro, M., Meuleman, B., & Scherer, K. R. (2015). Automated recognition of emotion appraisals. In J. Vallverdú (ed.), Handbook of Research on Synthesizing Human Emotion in Intelligent Systems and Robotics (pp.338-351). Hershey, PA: Information Science Reference, IGI Global.

    Visch, V., Goudbeek, M.B., & Mortillaro, M. (2014). Robust anger: Recognition of deteriorated dynamic bodily emotion expressions. Cognition & Emotion, 28(5), 936-946.

    Mortillaro, M., & Scherer, K. R. (2014). Stressed out: How stress develops and how to cope with it. GfK Marketing Intelligence Review, 6(1), 17-21.

    Mortillaro, M., Ricci-Bitti, P.E., Bellelli, G., Galati, D., & Scherer, K.R. (2013). Pride is not created equal: variations between Northern and Southern Italiy. In K.R. Scherer and J.R. Fontaine (Eds.), Components of Emotional Meaning: A sourcebook (pp. 366-376). New York: Oxford University Press.

    Weninger, F., Eyben F., Schuller B.. W., Mortillaro M., & Scherer K. R. (2013).  On the Acoustics of Emotion in Audio: What Speech, Music and Sound have in Common. Frontiers in Psychology. 4(292)

    Scherer, K. R., Mortillaro, M., & Mehu, M. (2013).Understanding the Mechanisms Underlying the Production of Facial Expression of Emotion: A Componential Perspective. Emotion Review, 5(1), 47-53

    Mortillaro, M., Mehu, M., & Scherer, K.R. (2013). The evolutionary origin of multimodal synchronization in emotional expression. In E. Altenmüller, S. Schmidt, and E. Zimmerman (Eds.), Evolution of Emotional Communication: from Sounds in Nonhuman Mammals to Speech and Music in Man (pp.3-25). New York: Oxford University Press.

    Mehu, M., Mortillaro, M., Bänziger, T, & Scherer, K. R. (2012). Reliable facial muscles activation enhances recognisability and credibility of emotional expression. Emotion,12(4), 701-715.

    Mortillaro, M., Meuleman, B., & Scherer, K. R. (2012). Advocating a componential appraisal model to guide emotion recognition. International Journal of Synthetic Emotions, 3(1), 18-32.

    Dael, N., Mortillaro, M., & Scherer, K.R. (2012). The Body Action and Posture coding system (BAP): Development and reliability. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior. 36, 97-121.

    Dael, N., Mortillaro, M., & Scherer, K.R. (2012). Emotion expression in body action and posture. Emotion. 12(5), 1085-1101.

    Bänziger, T., Mortillaro, M., & Scherer, K.R. (2012). Introducing the Geneva Multimodal Expression corpus for experimental research on emotion perception. Emotion, 12(5), 1161-1179.

    Mortillaro, M., Mehu, M., & Scherer, K. R. (2011). Subtly different positive emotions can be distinguished by their facial expressions. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 2, 262-271.

    Scherer, K.R., Clark- Polner, E., & Mortillaro, M. (2011). In the eye of the beholder? Universality and cultural specificity in the expression and perception of emotion. International Journal of Psychology, 46, 401-435.

    Glowinski, D., Dael, N., Camurri, A., Volpe, G., Mortillaro, M., & Scherer, K. R. (2011). Towards a minimal representation of affective gestures. IEEE Transactions on Affective Computing, 2, 106-118.

    Mohammadi, G.,. Vinciarelli, & Mortillaro, M. (2010). The voice of personality: Mapping vocal nonverbal behavior into trait attributions. Proceedings of the International Workshop on Social Signal Processing, pp. 17-20, Florence, 2010.

    Mantovani, F., Confalonieri, L., Mortillaro, M., Realdon, O., Zurloni, V., & Anolli, L. (2010). The potential of affective computing in e-learning: the journey from theory to practice in the “Myself” project. In A. Tzanavari and N. Tapatsoulis (Eds.), Affective, Interactive and Cognitive Methods for E- Learning Design: Creating an Optimal Education Experience (pp. 260-274). Hershey, PA: IGI Global.

    Mortillaro, M., & Scherer, K. R. (2009). Multimodal expression of emotion. In D. Sander & K. R.Scherer (Eds.), The Oxford Companion to Emotion and the Affective Sciences (pp.268-269). New York: Oxford University Press.

    Mortillaro, M., & Scherer, K. R. (2009). Bodily expression of emotion. In D. Sander & K. R. Scherer (Eds.), The Oxford Companion to Emotion and the Affective Sciences (pp.78-79). New York: Oxford University Press.

    Castellano, G., Mortillaro, M., Camurri, A., Volpe, G., & Scherer, K. R. (2008). Automated analysis of body movement in emotionally expressive piano performances. Music Perception, 26, 103-120.

    Zurloni, V., Mortillaro, M., Vescovo, A., & Anolli, L., Mantovani, F. (2008). Addressing emotions within e-learning systems. In T. T. Kidd & H. Song (Eds.), Handbook of Research on Instructional Systems and Technology (pp. 803-816). Hershey, PA: IGI Global.

    Anolli, L., Mantovani, F., Balestra M., Kommers, P., Robotti, O., Salamin, A. D., Agliati, A., Realdon, O., Zurloni, V., Confalonieri, L., Mortillaro, M., Vescovo, A., Venturini, P., Wetterling, & Tarocchi, A. (2008). Experiential learning and affective computing for training soft-skills: Myself project. In T. T. Kidd & H. Song (Eds.), Handbook of Research on Instructional Systems and Technology (pp. 360- 372). Hershey, PA: Information Science Reference.

    Anolli, L., Mortillaro, M., Zurloni, V., Confalonieri, L., Mantovani, F., (2008)."Affective computing" e apprendimento: analisi di dispositivi per il riconoscimento automatico delle emozioni all’interno di piattaforme di e-learning. In E. Magno Caldognetto and F. Cavicchio (Eds.), Aspetti Emotivi e Relazionali nell’E-Learning (pp.171-199). Firenze, IT: Firenze University Press .

    Mortillaro, M. (2007).Multicomponential analysis of emotional experience. Study of expressive and physiological components and their implications for affective computing. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Catholic University of Milan, Milan, Italy.

    Mantovani, F., Agliati, A., Mortillaro, M., Vescovo, A., & Zurloni V. (2006). Communication – Presence roundtrip: Travelling along theoretical, methodological and applicative connections. In G. Riva, M. T. Anguera, B. K. Wiederhold, & F. Mantovani, (Eds.), From Communication to Presence: Cognition, Emotion and Culture towards the Ultimate Communicative Experiences (pp.3-22). Amsterdam, The Netherlands; IOS Press.

    Realdon, O., Zurloni V., Confalonieri, L., Mortillaro, M., & Mantovani, F., (2006). Learning Communication Skills through computer-based Interactive Simulations. In G. Riva, M. T. Anguera, B. K. Wiederhold, & F. Mantovani, (Eds.), From Communication to Presence: Cognition, Emotion and Culture towards the Ultimate Communicative Experiences (pp.281-303). Amsterdam, The Netherlands; IOS Press.

    Anolli, L., Mantovani, F., Mortillaro, M., Vescovo, A., Agliati, A., Confalonieri, L., Realdon, O., Zurloni, V., & Sacchi, A. (2005). A Multimodal Database as a Background for Emotional Synthesis, Recognition and Training in E-Learning Systems. In J. Tao, T. Tan, & R. W. Picard (Eds.), Affective Computing and Intelligent Interaction: First International Conference, ACII 2005, Beijing, China, October 22-24, 2005. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 3784, (pp. 566 – 573).

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EDUCATION AND TRAINING

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HUMANITIES AND INTERDISCIPLINARITY

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  • Julien A. +41 22 379 98 68

    Julien A. +41 22 379 98 68

    julien.deonna(at)unige.ch
    http://www.unige.ch/lettres/philo/thumos/Thumos/Home.html
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    General Information

    Julien A. Deonna is associate professor in philosophy at the University of Geneva and project leader at the Swiss Centre in Affective Sciences. He currently benefits from a FNS Professorship. He is co-director of Thumos, the Genevan Research Group on Emotions, Values and Norms.

    Note

    Julien A. Deonna works in the philosophy of mind, in particular the philosophy of emotions, on moral emotions and moral psychology. His work reflects the ambition of taking seriously the phenomenological, ordinary language and empirical dimensions of the emotions in the various philosophical discussions in which they are central. In addition to many articles in the area, he is the co-author of In Defense of Shame (OUP, 2011) and The Emotions: a Philosophical Introduction (Routledge, 2012). Recently, he has been interested in discovering what we refer to by the expression ‘being moved’. With his collaborators, he runs three research projects, one on emotion, attention and value (NCCR, with F. Teroni), one on sensing as activity, and one on the relations between emotion and the understanding of value (FNS Professorship).

    Selected Publications

    • Julien Deonna & Fabrice Teroni (2015), “Emotions as Attitudes”, dialectica, 69 (3), pp. 293-311
    • Julien Deonna & Florian Cova (2014), “Being Moved”, Philosophical Studies, 169(3), pp. 447-466
    • Julien A. Deonna & Fabrice Teroni (2013), “What Role for Emotions in Well-Being?”, Philosophical Topics, 41 (1), pp. 123-142.
    • Julien A. Deonna & Fabrice Teroni (2012), The Emotions: A Philosophical Introduction, London & New York: Routledge, 137 p.
    • Julien A. Deonna, Raffaele Rodogno & Fabrice Teroni (2011), In Defense of Shame, New York: Oxford University Press, 288 p.
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COMPUTER AND INTERNET RESSOURCES

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SYSTEM ADMINISTRATOR

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